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“Fishing with a Gaff Hook - Paviotso” 1924 photo by Edward S. Curtis

We're pleased to present our 2023 Annual Report for your enjoyment. Inside, you'll learn more our our key programs: the Descendants Project, Historical Preservation Project, Giving Back, and the Curtis Census. Click on the cover image to open the report.


The Board of Directors of the Curtis Legacy Foundation respectfully acknowledges the Ute people, the original inhabitants of Northwest Colorado, and other Indigenous Nations of this area where our office in Colorado is located. We recognize that the establishment of this region impacted the lifeways of Native Peoples and their communities. In accepting this, we are called to utilize our foundation to teach stewardship of the land and continuing commitment to the inclusion and respect of these Nations and their traditional values for their homelands.


We envision a nation that honors and respects all Native Americans.


We deepen understanding of Native American cultures by creating innovative learning opportunities, using the work of Edward Curtis as our platform.


Integrity: We believe in building trust with North American Native individuals and communities in everything we do by being transparent, honoring our word, and demonstrating the utmost respect.

Stewardship: We believe it is our responsibility to honor those North American Natives that came before, are among us now, and are yet to come by preserving the work of Edward Curtis.

Honor: Humanity is strengthened by valuing our differences and our similarities. When we honor diversity, a more equitable world unites in peace and understanding. Through integrity and collaboration, we wish to come to a place of honor with North American Natives.

Collaboration: Through our collective passion for storytelling, we wish to partner with North American Natives to amplify their voices by highlighting the past works of Edward Curtis and our current Descendant’s Project.

Compassion: We wish to create an environment of awareness that calls us to question and explore our implicit biases more deeply. We must strive to see the world through the eyes of North American Natives before we judge, act, or even pretend to understand. 


Pictograph from The North American Indian Volume 8

We preserve the history of Edward S. Curtis through research and publication about his life and by safeguarding important archives of his work.

  • We provide an unparalleled library of photographs, documents, family stories, and research archives about the life and work of Edward S. Curtis. 

  • Our Curtis Census project documents the locations and provenance of all known copies of The North American Indian.

Pictograph from The North American Indian Volume 13

We advance knowledge about the rich cultures of the Peoples and places he once saw.

  • Through the Descendants Project, we amplify the stories of the Peoples whom Curtis photographed and recorded at the start of the 20th century.

  • Through our Unpublished book series, we continue the stories and portrayals of the Native Peoples that Curtis began more than 100 years ago.

The Curtis Legacy Foundation is a registered nonprofit charity in the United States. Donations to the foundation are tax-deductible to the extent allowed by law.


My great-grandfather, Edward Sherriff Curtis, saw the policies of the US Government as detrimental to the Indigenous population of North America and was driven to document all he could before it was gone. His dream to “make them live forever” slipped into oblivion after the Great Depression and the general public lost interest in the Native Peoples of this land. Fortunately, his work has gained much acclaim and recognition since the early 1970s after being rediscovered in the basement of a Boston bookstore. At the same time, there has been some controversy surrounding his photographic achievements (although not the body of text contained in the twenty volumes of the North American Indian). It has been my dream to continue the work he started: assuring that his legacy is carried forward by amplifying the stories and photographing the descendants of his work. With this in mind, I created the Curtis Legacy Foundation™ in early 2019. With the help of my sisters and a dedicated group of volunteer board members, we are continuing the journey that my great-grandfather started more than a hundred years ago.

John Graybill


John Graybill



John is the youngest of only three great-grandchildren descending from Edward Curtis. John and his wife Coleen live in Buena Vista, Colorado in their perfect mountain cabin at 9000 feet. John got his photography degree at the Rhode Island School of Photography in 1979.


After a 29-year career managing Midas stores and 7 years as an Apple Genius, John retired from the corporate world. He now enjoys photographing alongside his wife, a 30-year veteran as a professional portrait and fine art photographer.


John has been the leader of Curtis' descendants in creating this new Foundation to carry on the legacy of their great-grandfather, Edward Sherriff Curtis. He feels it’s time for the family to step forward and spread the word of Curtis’ grand opus.

Janet Parcher



Janet Parcher, the “middle” great-grandchild of Edward S. Curtis, lives in the shadow of Mt. Rainier. She is a graduate of Washington State University, like her father James Graybill and her daughter Kristen. Go Cougs!


Janet spent many years working for the guide service on Mt. Rainier followed by just as many years as a paralegal. Retiring to her family ski cabin she enjoys skiing, hiking, golfing and gardening (where the local elk can’t get to the produce).


Growing up with Curtis photographs hanging on the walls of her family home and listening to stories told by her grandmother Florence of travels with “Father”, Janet is excited about the recent resurgence of Curtis’ work due to the 150th anniversary celebration of his birth. She is looking forward to working with her brother John and sister-in-law Coleen in furthering Curtis’ legacy and on the Descendants Project.

Tim Greyhavens



Tim Greyhavens is an independent photo historian, writer, and photographer based in Seattle. His work explores transitions in photography from the 19th to the mid-20th centuries. Currently, he is working on a history of photographers in Washington Territory/State from 1850 to 1900.


Tim also is the creator and Editor of the Curtis Census, an ongoing effort to identify and locate all known sets and volumes of The North American Indian

Tim has more the 35 years of nonprofit experience, including 25 years at the Executive Director of Wilburforce Foundation, a private philanthropic organization that supports and connects organizations and individuals that are committed to protecting wild places and the wildlife that depend on them.

Ann Bonin

Ann Bonin is the first great-grandchild of Edward Curtis and lives in Massachusetts close to her two grown children and five grandchildren. She is a graduate of the University of Connecticut with a Bachelor of Science degree.


Now retired, Ann has had experience in commercial and residential real estate, operating a small business in the Hospitality industry and being on a Board of Governors for her local country club.


Ann enjoys researching and learning about the life and accomplishments of her great-grandfather and being involved with conservation, protection and the legacy of his work.



Coleen Graybill

Coleen Graybill manages special projects for the Curtis Legacy Foundation. She coordinates the Descendants Project, publishes books from the unpublished Curtis work and helps with the day-to-day operations. She also gives presentations alongside her husband John, making them a dynamic team. 

Coleen is a Master Photographer and Certified Professional Photographer through the Professional Photographers of America and has won top international awards for both her portrait and landscape work. She also has a Bachelor of Arts from Central Michigan University and an associate’s degree from Colorado Technical University. 

 She is excited to apply her talents to the foundation and to the Descendants Project, bringing attention to the amazing stories of Native Americans.



Tamara Stanads and Looks Back-Spotted Tail



Tamara Stands and Looks Back- Spotted Tail a member of the Rosebud Sioux Tribe, also known as the Sicangu Oyate (Burnt Thigh Nation). The Rosebud Sioux Tribe is derived from the Oceti Sakowin: Teton (Ti Sakowin) Seven Council Fires, which speak the Lakota dialect.

Tamara is a great-granddaughter of Chief Stands and Looks Back and Mary Spotted Horse, Chief Stands and Looks Back parents were Chief Dog Walks in Lead, one of his sixth wives was Ista To Wiyan (woman with blue Eyes) mother to Stands and Looks Back, and sister to Chief Red Cloud.

Mary Spotted Horse's parents were Chief Crow Eagle and mother, Good Wing. Chief Stands and Looks Back and his wife settled in the 1890 allotment period in the Butte Creek Community known as Wood, South Dakota.

Tamara is a renowned Native American, and small business owner of Lakota Women Business, LLC.  She holds a Bachelor’s in Lakota History, Culture, Language, and Tribal Government from Sinte Gleska (Spotted Tail) University, South Dakota.

Denise Wartes photo by JR Anchetta



Denise Wartes holds a Master of Arts in Cross-Cultural Studies and a Bachelor of Art in Alaska Native Studies and Business Management from the University of Alaska Fairbanks


Denise is now retired from the University of Alaska Fairbanks, where she has worked with the Rural Alaska Honors Institute (RAHI) for over 30 years.


Denise lived on the Colville River Delta on the edge of the Arctic Ocean for eight years, approximately 40 miles west of Prudhoe Bay, or 180 miles east of Barrow.  During that time, she and her family lived a subsistence lifestyle, traveling the Arctic coast.  They now live in Fairbanks where Denise retired as the program manager emerita of the Rural Alaska Honors Institute (RAHI) - a six-week summer, college preparatory program for Alaska Native and rural high school juniors and seniors.  


Denise and her husband Mark have two adult children and five grandchildren, all of whom live in Fairbanks. She is excited to be working with the Curtis Legacy Foundation and looks forward to applying her talents to the Foundation and Descendants Project.

Teri Fraizer



Teri L. Fraizer is a retired educator from Gallup, McKinley County Schools and currently serves as the director of the Gallup Cultural Center. Teri is a graduate of Western New Mexico and American Universities, and is a member of the Laguna & Hopi Pueblos (Corn Clan) as well as the Chippewa Tribe. She is a descendant of Torivio Waconda (E.S. Curtis subject), great-granddaughter of Antonio & Irene Waconda, granddaughter of Mary J. Waconda-Naranjo, and daughter of Irene Naranjo-Fraizer.


Teri serves on the board of the Institute for American Indian Education at the University of New Mexico, and is active with SunClan and Indigenous Cultural Advisors consulting companies.


Teri enjoys reading anything historical, ALL Indigenous dances, painting and the 8 grandchildren she has been blessed with. (Kiera, Nick, Brandon Antonio, Corey-Lynn, Ezekiel, Lena Rain, Zilas & Zuri Sunflower. 

Marlo Clown, member of the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe, located in South Dakota. Marlo is a direct descendent of the Crazy Horse family. He was raised by his maternal grandparents, Nathan and Flora Little Wounded of Dupree, South Dakota. Marlo graduated from Cheyenne Eagle Butte High School on the Cheyenne River Sioux Reservation. Marlo graduated from Black Hills State University with a B. S. In Pre-Law. He was also selected as Senator Tom Daschle intern while attending college. Marlo completed his Masters in Business Administration in 2012. 


Marlo moved to Albuquerque, New Mexico in 2000 and then moved to Washington D.C. in the same year. He worked for a small lobbying firm that lobbied for Native American tribes throughout the U.S. 

He gained valuable insight into political culture and valuable experience working on Capitol Hill. He worked with offices such as Senator Inouye,, Senator Dorgan and the N.W.Fisheries Commission. 


Marlo moved back to Albuquerque, New Mexico and started his family. He continued his federal career working with Indian Affairs and 26 years later is still working for Native American communities. Marlo volunteered working with a non-profit for six years and focused their mission working with native students and parents in the public school system. Also, he was selected to be the National Chair to the Legislative Office for the Indian Federation Union. Marlo was Albuquerque’s largest neighborhood association, President for a short term and first Native American to hold the position. 


Marlo’s path and journey has been set by his ancestors! He gives all the credit to his grandparents,  family, and creator for blessing his beautiful journey! 

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